Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects an individual’s ability to read, write, spell and sometimes speak. Although it is typically diagnosed in childhood, there are cases where it can go undetected into adulthood. Additionally, some individuals may be born with the condition but only experience symptoms when attempting to learn academically at a later age.

If you think you or someone you know may have dyslexia, it can be helpful to understand the different ways in which dyslexia can manifest and how it is diagnosed in adults. A qualified professional such as a psychologist should be consulted for a comprehensive assessment and diagnosis of dyslexia. Diagnosis typically includes testing for intellectual ability (IQ), academic achievement levels, phonological processing abilities and relevant medical history.

Aside from formal testing, there are various indicators that point towards dyslexia such as difficulty learning the alphabet and attaching sounds to letter symbols; slow reading fluency and decoding skills; poor spelling skills; difficulty understanding language quickly; difficulty with mathematics concepts; difficulty expressing oneself orally; understanding spoken language better than written language; difficulty following directions. All of these signs can help assessors decide whether dyslexia may be present so they can begin to work with the individual on getting them the help they need including specific intervention strategies tailored to their needs as well as accommodations needed in the educational environment or workplace.